This area of Missouri was largely settled by people from the Upper South, especially Kentucky and Tennesseeand became known as Little Dixie for this reason.
Copy Link Young Jesse James, Library of Congress A teenager when he rode off to join Confederate guerrillas inJesse James never really stopped fighting the Civil War. Unable to accept the defeat of the secessionist cause, Jesse trained his fury on banks, trains and stagecoaches.
He fancied himself a modern Robin Hood, robbing from Radical Republicans and giving to the poor. But the myth hid the darker reality of a repeat murderer whose need for attention kept him committing crimes long after the cause he championed was gone.
Jesse was roughed up and his stepfather tortured for information. In the spring ofthe lanky year-old with sharp blue eyes joined a bloodthirsty guerrilla group led by "Bloody Bill" Anderson.
They terrorized pro-Union enemies in the Missouri countryside. Still an impressionable teenager, Jesse participated in multiple atrocities, including the notorious Centralia massacre, in which 22 unarmed Union soldiers and a hundred other Union soldiers were butchered.
These experiences helped define the man he would become. Bold Robbers Many, if not most, of the guerrillas returned to civilian life after the war ended, putting down their weapons and picking up their plows. But Jesse and Frank James felt no peace.
|Special offers and product promotions||James and his brother Frank served for the Confederate Army before embarking on criminal livelihood in the Old West.|
|Jesse James' Bank Robberies | American Experience | Official Site | PBS||But in other respects, the operations didn't always go according to plan, as demonstrated by the very first robbery with which Jesse was publicly linked. Gallatin America's first daytime bank robbery during peacetime happened in the small town of Liberty, Missouri, on February 13,|
|Jesse James' Bank Robberies | American Experience | Official Site | PBS||He was the oldest of three children. His father died in and his mother remarried Benjamin Simms in|
|Biography: Jesse James | American Experience | Official Site | PBS||There were two men inside the modest one-story building; the bank cashier and a lawyer named William McDowell. As McDowell ran for the door, he was shot in the arm.|
He chose to continue fighting, targeting a bank in Gallatin, Missouri, thought to be run by the man who had killed Bill Anderson. On December 7,Jesse and Frank rode in during daylight, shot an unarmed cashier, and made off with some worthless paper.
They made a daring escape through the midst of a posse sent to capture them. Later they declared that "they would never be taken alive. Soon he began tailoring his robberies to attract as much of it as possible, even leaving press releases behind.
Sheltered by Confederate sympathizers, they eluded authorities again and again. Perhaps Jesse began to believe in his own invulnerability, because in September he badly overreached, attempting a bank robbery in Northfield, Minnesota, some hundred miles from his normal base of operations.
The robbery was a disaster. Only Jesse and Frank escaped, but they were forced to live in Tennessee under assumed names. Gunned Down Frank began to enjoy the quiet life, but Jesse was restless, unable to settle down with his wife Zee and son Jesse.
He tried various moneymaking schemes, bought race horses -- but none of it quenched his thirst for the spotlight.
On April 3,Jesse got a bullet in the back of the head. He died with few allies, but in later years the myth surrounding him grew so strong that it eventually crowded out the inconvenient truths of his own murderous life.
Learn More Related Features.Jesse James, September 5, Jesse James was a famous as well as a legendary bank robber, train robber and gang leader that terrorized America in the 19th century, Born in Missouri in a prosperous family as well a society with a . Based solely on longevity, Jesse James was one of America's most successful bank robbers; he eluded authorities for nearly 15 years.
But in other respects, the operations didn't always go according to plan, as demonstrated by the very first robbery with which Jesse was publicly linked. Feb 04, · Ultimately, this robbery would span three states and would start a massive hunt for the loot that Jesse James and his gang hid over years ago.
The Outlaws: Legends tell of a hidden treasure stash near Robbers Cave in Oklahoma by the James Reviews: The James brothers made a name for themselves as bank and train robbers, directing the James-Younger gang. American outlaw, robber and celebrated figure Jesse Woodson James was born on September 5, , in Kearney, Missouri.
Young Jesse James, Library of Congress. A teenager when he rode off to join Confederate guerrillas in , Jesse James never really stopped fighting the Civil War. Unable to accept the defeat of the secessionist cause, Jesse trained his fury on banks, trains and stagecoaches.
The robbery marked the emergence of Jesse James as the most famous survivor of the former Confederate bushwhackers. It was the first time he was publicly labeled an "outlaw"; Missouri Governor Thomas T.
Crittenden set a reward for his capture.