Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. This is less of a concern to some countries, such as China. However, modern communication capabilities can affect free speech in a lot of ways, both enhancing and diminishing, depending on how it is used. No matter how you look at it, freedom of speech will be affected in every country.
Censorship The First Amendment in Schools: Censorship is not easy to define. In many countries, censorship is most often directed at political ideas or criticism of the government. Advocates for censorship often target materials that discuss sexuality, religion, race and ethnicity—whether directly or indirectly.
Others think schools are wrong to allow discussion about sexual orientation in sex education or family life classes, and others would eliminate The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn from the English curriculum because of racial references. Most pressures for censorship come from parents who disapprove of language or ideas that differ from or affront their personal views and values, but demands can emerge from anywhere across the religious, ideological, and political spectrum.
Cencorship of the internet essay demands appear motivated by anxiety about changing social conditions and traditions. Feminism, removal of prayer from schools, the emergence of the gay rights movement, and other trends with implications for family structure and personal values, have all generated calls for censorship.
Censorship demands require educators to balance First Amendment obligations and principles against other concerns — such as maintaining the integrity of the educational program, meeting state education requirements, respecting the judgments of professional staff, and addressing deeply held beliefs in students and members of the community.
Pursuant to these principles, lower courts generally defer to the professional judgments of educators. As discussed in Fact Cencorship of the internet essay 8, this sometimes means that the courts will uphold a decision to remove a book or to discipline a teacher, if it appears to serve legitimate educational objectives, including administrative efficiency.
However, administrators and educators who reject demands for censorship are on equally strong or stronger grounds. Most professional educational organizations strongly promote free expression and academic freedom as necessary to the educational process.
It is highly improbable that a school official who relied on these principles and refused to accede to pressures to censor something with educational value would ever be ordered by a court of law to do so.
There are practical and educational as well as legal reasons to adhere as closely as possible to the ideals of the First Amendment. School districts such as Panama City, Florida and Hawkins County, Tennessee have been stunned to find that acceding to demands for removal of a single book escalated to demands for revising entire classroom reading programs.
Other jurisdictions have been pressed to revise the science curriculum, the content of history courses, sex education, drug and alcohol education, and self-esteem programs. Experience has shown far too many times that what appears to be capitulation to a minor adjustment can turn into the opening foray of a major curriculum content battle involving warring factions of parents and politicians, teachers, students and administrators.
Distinguishing Censorship from Selection: Teachers, principals, and school administrators make decisions all the time about which books and materials to retain, add or exclude from the curriculum. They are not committing an act of censorship every time they cross a book off a reading list, but if they decide to remove a book because of hostility to the ideas it contains, they could be.
As long as they were not motivated by hostility to the idea of teaching about evolution, this would not ordinarily be deemed censorship. The choice to include the material in the fourth grade curriculum tends to demonstrate this was a pedagogical judgment, not an act of censorship.
Not every situation is that simple. On closer examination, it is clear their concern is not that students will not understand the material, but that the objecting adults do not want the students to have access to this type of information at this age.
If professional educators can articulate a legitimate pedagogical rationale to maintain such material in the curriculum, it is unlikely that an effort to remove it would be successful.
Most people do not consider it censorship when they attempt to rid the school of material that they think is profane or immoral, or when they insist that the materials selected show respect for religion, morality, or parental authority.
School officials who accede to demands to remove materials because of objections to their views or content may be engaging in censorship. Efforts to suppress a disfavored view or controversial ideas are educationally unsound and constitutionally suspect.
The child is not the mere creature of the state; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right, coupled with the high duty, to recognize and prepare him for additional obligations. Society of Sisters, U.
Yet profanity appears in many worthwhile books, films and other materials for the same reasons many people use it in their everyday language—for emphasis or to convey emotion. But even minor use of profanity has not shielded books from attack.
Profanity, however, is only one of many grounds on which books are challenged. As these examples illustrate, censorship based on individual sensitivities and concerns restricts the world of knowledge available to students.
And that world could get smaller and smaller. Based on personal views, some parents wish to eliminate material depicting violence, others object to references to sexuality, others to racially-laden speech or images.
If these and other individual preferences were legitimate criteria for censoring materials used in school, the curriculum would narrow to including only the least controversial and probably least relevant material.
Censorship also harms teachers. By curtailing ideas that can be discussed in class, censorship takes creativity and vitality out of the art of teaching. To maintain the spontaneous give and take of the classroom setting, teachers need latitude to respond to unanticipated questions and discussion, and the freedom to draw on their professional judgment and expertise, without fear of consequences if someone objects, disagrees, or takes offense.
When we strip teachers of their professional judgment, we forfeit the educational vitality we prize. When we quell controversy for the sake of congeniality, we deprive democracy of its mentors.
Alfred Wilder Censorship chills creativity and in that way impacts everyone.Types of Censorship. Corporate censorship occurs when any major corporation makes the decision to implement restrictions on what product manufacturers can produce to reach the free market.
They can also suppress what customers can purchase, watch, or . The Strict Internet Censorship Of China. Print Reference this.
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Essay title: Censorship and Religion Abstract: This paper includes a brief history of censorship, summarizing the ancient stories of a Qin emperor, Socrates, Galileo as well as a more recent spin, which includes media censorship. Internet Censorship Essay - Censoring the Internet - Censoring the Internet From music to television, censorship has played a major role in how the public is exposed to certain material.
Now that our world is entering into a new technology era, the Internet is now in the middle of the censorship issue. Define censorship. censorship synonyms, censorship pronunciation, censorship translation, English dictionary definition of censorship. n. 1. The act, process, or practice of censoring.
Measuring the internet for real freedom and censorship. The censorship of social media was instituted because India "has completely lost control" in Kashmir. Essay on Internet Censorship. By Lauren Bradshaw. May 25, Example Essays.
the accessibility of certain websites containing things such as adult materials is a modest measurement of control over Internet. You can order a custom essay, term paper, research paper.