Total Quality Management focuses the organization's goals on a system of quality and meeting the needs of the customer. Strategic planning is a tool that helps to prioritize the efforts of the organization in the implementation of a Total Quality Management approach.
A variety of strategic planning tools described in the section below may be completed as part of strategic planning activities. What is considered "value" to the customer or constituency?
Which products and services should be included or excluded from the portfolio of offerings? What is the geographic scope of the organization? What differentiates the organization from its competitors in the eyes of customers and other stakeholders?
Which skills and resources should be developed within the organization? The organization may use a variety of methods of measuring and monitoring progress towards the objectives and measures established, such as a balanced scorecard or strategy map.
Companies may also plan their financial statements i. The term operational budget is often used to describe the expected financial performance of an organization for the upcoming year. Capital budgets very often form the backbone of a strategic plan, especially as it increasingly relates to Information and Communications Technology ICT.
Outcomes[ edit ] Whilst the planning process produces outputs, as described above, strategy implementation or execution of the strategic plan produces Outcomes. These outcomes will invariably differ from the strategic goals.
How close they are to the strategic goals and vision will determine the success or failure of the strategic plan. There will also arise unintended Outcomes, which need to be attended to and understood for strategy development and execution to be a true learning process.
Tools and approaches[ edit ] Video explaining the strategic plan of the Wikimedia Foundation Wikimedia Movement Strategic Plan PDF A variety of analytical tools and techniques are used in strategic planning. Responsive Evaluationwhich uses a constructivist evaluation approach to identify the outcomes of objectives, which then supports future strategic planning exercises.
In business, the term "financial plan" is often used to describe the expected financial performance of an organization for future periods. The term "budget" is used for a financial plan for the upcoming year. A "forecast" is typically a combination of actual performance year-to-date plus expected performance for the remainder of the year, so is generally compared against plan or budget and prior performance.
The financial plans accompanying a strategic plan may include 3—5 years of projected performance. The four stages include: Financial planning, which is primarily about annual budgets and a functional focus, with limited regard for the environment; Forecast-based planning, which includes multi-year financial plans and more robust capital allocation across business units; Externally oriented planning, where a thorough situation analysis and competitive assessment is performed; Strategic management, where widespread strategic thinking occurs and a well-defined strategic framework is used.
Categories 3 and 4 are strategic planning, while the first two categories are non-strategic or essentially financial planning. Each stage builds on the previous stages; that is, a stage 4 organization completes activities in all four categories.
Sekora, Project Socrates founder in the Reagan White House, during the cold war the economically challenged Soviet Union was able to keep on western military capabilities by using technology-based planning while the U. Mintzberg argues that strategic planning can help coordinate planning efforts and measure progress on strategic goals, but that it occurs "around" the strategy formation process rather than within it.
Further, strategic planning functions remote from the "front lines" or contact with the competitive environment i.Jun 29, · Strategic planning is important to an organization to define values, create a cohesive visions, chart a direction and set goals for future growth.
The process begins with statement of company. Excellence in Strategic Management Teams Thomas E. Ambler Senior Consultant, CSSP, Inc.
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Very likely, then, you are pursuing Strategic Management because of its huge payoff. Strategic Planning. Strategic planning is a process an organization uses to prioritize and focus the efforts of the company as well as the implementation of a plan. Get step-by-step guidance and materials to draft a sample Strategic Plan that is relevant, realistic and flexible -- while you earn a Certificate in Facilitating Strategic Planning in a self-paced, highly practical and online program.
Individual feedback is shared about your sample Plan. Planning is one of the four functions of management that allows a manager to develop and implement strategic action steps aimed at reaching an organizational goal.
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